This supersonic Soviet bomber was appointed in 1971 in the Backlash and able of aeriform refueling from a tanker. It became one of the best important intelligence debates of the algid war if it was a bomber, periphal advance or intercontinental attack. The key capricious was the best ambit of the aircraft.
Tupolev claimed a ambit of activity for the aboriginal backfires model. The United States Defense Intelligence Agency initially estimated that the backlash would accept a unrefueled action ambit of some 5000Km. But according to the CIA, the backlash would accept a ambit amid the 3360 and 3960 km. The American intelligence association estimated that the Tu-22M wouldn't be a blackmail for the US, but after the US Air Fore estimated that it could be acclimated for a one way intercontinental advance on the United States.