E-767 Airborne Warning and Control System

E-767 Airborne Warning and Control SystemThe Boeing E-767 Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) developed as a natural progression from the E-3 Sentry following the closure of Boeing's 707 production line. The E-767 combines a Boeing 767-200ER airframe with the APY-2 development of the Sentry's APY-1 radar and mission system.

The Boeing 767 has been selected by Japan to carry out airborne surveillance and command and control (C2) operations for tactical and air defence forces. The surveillance system is based on a flexible, multimode radar, which enables AWACS to separate maritime and airborne targets from ground and sea clutter radar returns.

The 767 AWACS program began in 1993, when the U.S. and Japan agreed to begin development of the system. President George Bush approved the program by signing an agreement in January 1992 with Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa. In keeping with worldwide tradition, the JASDF kept the "E" designation, naming its acquisition the E-767. The E-767 effort evolved when the JASDF required a sophisticated airborne platform that would provide its country with the capability to monitor its sea lanes.

The first flight of the completed E-767 occurred on 9 August 1996 at Everett, Washington. To date only the Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) has ordered the E-767, initially purchasing two in 1992, increasing the order to four in 1994. The first production E-767 entered an extensive testing and certification program with the aim of delivering the first two E-767s to the JASDF in 1998.

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SH-2G Super Seasprite Naval Helicopter

SH-2G Super Seasprite Naval HelicopterThe Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite is a ship-based helicopter with anti-submarine, anti-surface threat capability, including over-the-horizon targeting. This aircraft extends and increases shipboard sensor and weapon capabilities against several types of enemy threats, including submarines of all types, surface ships, and patrol craft that may be armed with anti-ship missiles. It was originally developed for the United States Navy in 1980s.

The SH-2G's primary missions include anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare, anti-ship missile defense, and anti-ship surveillance and targeting. Secondary missions may include medical evacuation, search and rescue, personnel and cargo transfer, as well as small boat interdiction, amphibious assault air support, gun fire spotting, mine detection and battle damage assessment.

The SH-2G has a crew of three: two pilots and a sensor operator (SENSO). However, it can also be flown by a single pilot and SENSO, due to the flexible integrated tactical avionics system (ITAS) designed by Kaman and Northrop Grumman (formerly Litton) Guidance & Controls. ITAS is driven by dual mission data processors and uses two dual 1553B databuses to integrate sensors, weapons, communications and navigation equipment.

The glass cockpit has four colour multifunction displays and new centre console, which has two smart display units to simplify data entry by the pilot and the SENSO.

The SH-2G can be armed with Raytheon AGM-65 Maverick infrared imaging or TV-guided, Penguin infrared imaging, radar-guided Improved Sea Skua, and laser-designated Hellfire missiles.

The SH-2G is cleared for mk44, mk46 and mk50 torpedoes, and is compatible with a wide range of European ASW weapons.

Royal New Zealand Navy SH-2Gs have been fitted with the Fabrique Nationale (FN) MAG-58M 7.62mm machinegun as an urgent operational requirement. First operational deployment with the gun was in May 2008.

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KJ-2000 Chinese Early Warning Aircraft

KJ-2000 Chinese Early Warning AircraftThe KongJing-2000 (KJ-2000) Airborne Early Warning and Control system (AEW&C) was developed to meet the requirements of People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) for an early warning aircraft.

The KJ-2000 is based on the A-50/IL-76MD with indigenously developed Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar. Airborne AESA radar for the KJ-2000 was developed by Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology.

The KJ-2000 uses three AESA radars in the radome above the fuselage ESM fairings on the wing-tips of the aircraft. The KJ-2000 can be fitted with the aerial refuelling probe to increase the endurance of the aircraft.

Its AESA radars are speculated to be using L-band array Transmit-Receive module. Three radars allow the KJ-2000 to provide 360 deg radar coverage.

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FA2 Sea Harrier Fighter Aircraft Picture

FA2 Sea Harrier Fighter Aircraft PictureThe BAE Systems FA2 Sea Harrier fighter aircraft, which was in account with the British Royal Navy and charcoal in account with the Indian Navy, provided air defence for the carrier fleet, decidedly adjoin low-flying advance aircraft armed with all-embracing air-to-surface missiles. The FA2 aboriginal flew in 1988 and entered account in 1993. 56 aircraft were congenital for the Royal Navy. The Sea Harrier was retired from the UK Royal Navy in March 2006.

The architecture of the aircraft was optimised for air-to-air action with accessory missions of surveillance, air-to-sea and air-to-ground attack. The aircraft was able to ascertain and abort threats afore the barrage of an advance application continued ambit weapon systems with look-down and shoot-down appropriate capability.

The FA2 is able with the Raytheon AIM-120A AMRAAM medium-range air-to-air missile, which is an all-weather, fire-and-forget missile, able with an alive alarm appellant and ambit of over 50 miles. The AIM-9 M/L Sidewinder air-to-air missile provides the Harrier with adequacy for battlefront abutting ambit at an abutting adversary aircraft in a dogfight. The Lockheed Martin / Raytheon Sidewinder M/L has an all-aspect alive optical seeker.

The Sea Harrier's anti-ship missile is the MBDA (formerly Matra Bae Dynamics) Sea Eagle, a fire-and-forget sea-skimming missile with alive alarm homing and a ambit of over 50 miles.

The Sea Harrier can backpack the MBDA ALARM anti-radiation missile, which can be deployed in absolute advance mode, adjoin a alarm target, or in amble mode, area the missile is launched in the around of the blackmail and waits for the adverse alarm to emit.

The FA2 Harrier is adapted with a BAE SYSTEMS Blue Vixen beating Doppler all-weather radar. Blue Vixen is a multi-mode alarm which performs arena mapping and apparent ambition apprehension and tracking, in accession to all-embracing look-up and look-down apprehension and tracking of aircraft. The alarm aswell interfaces to the AMRAAM missile system.

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XOH-1 Japan Advance Helicopter

XOH-1 Japan Advance HelicopterKawasaki advised the XOH-1 (OH-X), nicknamed Ninja, Japan's newbattlefield advance helicopter. One JDA activity to which the aircraft industry's fortunes are angry is the OH-X ascertainment helicopter, the aboriginal such aircraft, including engine, to be developed in Japan. KHI is the airframe prime contractor, just as it is on the McDonnell Douglas-licensed OH-6D, which the OH-X will replace. MHI is in allegation of the new helicopter's accompanying engines.

The aboriginal XOH-1 ancestor fabricated its aboriginal flight on 6 Aug, 1996. A absolute of four delivered amid May and August 1997. The Ground Self-Defense Force has penciled in purchases of 180 to 200 OH-Xs. That would be far beneath than the 297 OH-6Ds KHI had through March 1995, and even this ambition could abatement casualty to the new aegis account realities in Japan.

Like agnate types, OH-1 has bike basement and butt wings for armament. The ducted appendage rotor is of "fenestron" type. The architecture appearance a blended hinge-less rotor hub for top ascendancy albatross with accident advanced capital rotor blades, and auto Flight Ascendancy System. The targeting arrangement is integrated, with FLIR, TV and LASER alignment system. The shock arresting bench and aggregation aegis armor are allotment of the chip cockpit.

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. had been developing an all-composite bearingless helicopter capital rotor arrangement for over fifteen years. Series accumulation began for the new ablaze ascertainment helicopter, the OH-1. The bearing-less rotor arrangement consists of a hub plate, bewilderment elements and the capital rotor blades. These apparatus are actual circuitous blended parts, acute an avant-garde automatic lay-up and abstraction process. To facilitate this charge KHI developed a automatic ambulant adjustment arrangement and a new abstraction action alleged Matched-die Isostatic Pressing, MIP.

Japan has a claim to alter its AH-1F Cobras-about 100 or so advance helicopters. A Japanese architecture would possibly be based on the OH-1 advance helicopter developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries. Development of an aboriginal design, sometimes referred to as the AH-2, would crave importing added able turboshaft engines than those acclimated aboard the OH-1. The all-Japanese helicopter aswell would charge a new rotor/gearbox accumulation and sensor/targeting package.

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A-50 Mainstay Airborne Early Warning and Control Aircraft

A-50 Mainstay Airborne Early Warning and Control AircraftThe A-50 airborne early warning and control aircraft (AEW&C) was developed and bogus by the Beriev Aircraft Research and Engineering Circuitous Joint Stock Company based at Taganrog in the Rostov Region of Russia. The A-50 aircraft was developed from the llyushin IL-76MD aggressive carriage aircraft bogus by the Ilyushin Aviation Circuitous Joint Stock Company based in Moscow.

The aircraft is accepted in the West by the Nato codename Mainstay. Beriev aircraft commonly backpack the Russian appellation Be- followed by the number, however, the A-50 aircraft retained the acclaimed A-designation which Beriev allocated to the aboriginal prototype.

The A-50 entered account with the Russian Air Force in 1984. Currently, 16 aircraft are operational in the Russian Air Force. The account activity of the Russian AF A-50s were upgraded to 2020. The overhauled A-50M Mainstay aircraft began official testing on 10 September 2008.

The modernised A-50 aircraft can now yield added ammunition on lath with the aforementioned abandonment weight, while accretion the ambit and mission time performance. A digital aeronautics arrangement chip into flight and aeronautics circuitous offers a affecting access in the abyssal accuracy.

The A-50 entered account with the Russian Air Force in 1984, and is anticipation to accept 16 aircraft still in service. The latest version, the A-50U was apparent in 1995. Russian AF A-50s are upgraded to extend their account activity to 2020. The upgraded aircraft entered account in 2008.

The A-50 aircraft detects and identifies aerial objects, determines their coordinates and flight aisle abstracts and transfers the advice to command posts. The A-50 aswell acts as a ascendancy centre, allegorical fighter-interceptors and appropriate air force aircraft to action areas in adjustment to advance arena targets at low altitudes. The role of the A-50 is commensurable to that of the US's E-3 AEW arrangement developed by Boeing.

The A-50 is adapted with a self-defence arrangement if aerial en-route and over convoying zones. The self-defence arrangement ensures aegis from guided and accidental weapons of the enemy's fighters advancing the aircraft from its foreground and rear hemispheres. The self-defence arrangement includes an cyberbanking countermeasures system.

The aircraft can aswell be adequate from the enemy's fighter aircraft via advice of affable fighters. The aircraft radio and electronics systems are able-bodied adjoin adverse jamming and accommodate acceptable action achievement in close cyberbanking countermeasures environments.

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